Caddies - Video & PDF Tutorials

Please click here to view video tutorials on recording rounds of golf on stat sheets and course guides - especially useful for tour players and tour caddies.

Sign-up to receive our newsletter
Share - Tell others about us
Become a fan on Facebook

Glossary Of Golf Terms

Aggressive Golf Strategy

An approach golf shot which is aimed directly at the flag.

Albatross

A golf hole is completed in a score which is three shots lower than the Par of the golf hole (otherwise referred to as a double eagle).

All Short Game Golf Shots

The combination of fringe shots, chip shots, lob shots / flop shots and greenside bunker shots.

Any Other Lie

Any lie the golf ball comes to rest on the golf course which is not otherwise identified on StrokeAverage.com. For example, wasteland or fairways from other golf holes on the golf course which are not currently in play.

Approach Golf Shot

A full golf shot or pitch golf shot where an attempt is made to hit the green of the hole being played.

Birdie

A golf hole is completed in a score which is one shot lower than the Par of the golf hole.

Bogey

A golf hole is completed in a score which is one shot higher than the Par.

Bushes and Trees

Any bushes or trees located anywhere on the golf course.

Chip Shot

A standard type of chip shot played from within a 0 to 30 yard radius surrounding the green of the golf hole being played, where an attempt is made to hit the green.

Complete Miss Read Putt

A putt identified as moving off in a totally different direction than to what was expected.

Course Conditions

The conditions of a golf course on which rounds of golf are being played (soft / hard ground).

Created Column

Where StrokeAverage.com searches for golf courses and displays the results in tables, in those tables, the created column outlines the date on which the golf course was created on StrokeAverage.com. It helps identify which is the most up to date version of each golf course.

Crosswind

Golf shots played with a left to right wind and, a right to left wind.

Draw Shot

A golf shot that moves from right to left through the air for a right handed golfer and, left to right through the air for a left handed golfer.

Eagle

A golf hole is completed in a score which is two shots lower than the Par of the golf hole.

End Lie

The lie on which the golf ball comes to rest after the golf shot has been played.

Golf Equipment and Golf Equipment Models

Golfers have an equipment list consisting of golf club and golf ball equipment types. They can add, edit and delete golf club models under each equipment type. As an example, an infinite number of belly putter golf club models can be assigned under the Belly Putter equipment type. Golfers then select models for entering rounds of golf. To use StrokeAverage.com, golfers do not have to create an equipment list. However, to get maximum benefit from using StrokeAverage.com, it is recommended that they do create an equipment list and also keep it up to date.

Fade Shot

A golf shot that moves from left to right through the air for a right handed golfer and, right to left through the air for a left handed golfer.

Fairway

A well prepared area of cut grass which lies between the tee and the green of the golf hole being played.

Fairway Bunker

A hazard filled with sand and raked, which is located anywhere on the golf course except a 0 to 30 yard radius surrounding the green of the golf hole being played.

Free Drops

From a golf stats viewpoint, there is no need to record free drops on StrokeAverage.com. The following example highlights how to deal with them. If a golfer receives a free drop, for example, onto the fairway from the semi rough, when entering their round of golf onto StrokeAverage.com, the user simply records the end lie of the previous golf shot as Fairway instead of Semi Rough, because the fairway is where the next golf shot will be played from.

Fringe

A very well prepared area of cut grass which immediately surrounds the green of the golf hole being played (otherwise referred to as the green apron).

Full Shot

A full or punching type of golf swing is made at the golf ball.

Full-Shot Entry

A mini-computer game on StrokeAverage.com used to enter full rounds of golf. Every golf shot is entered, from tee shots to holing out on the green. Based on the results of the previous golf shot, StrokeAverage.com automatically works out the information needed for the current golf shot.

Golf Club and Golf Course

The name and area of ground on which golfers are permitted to play rounds of golf.

Green

A perfectly prepared area of cut grass where the flagstick or cup is located, at the end of a golf hole.

Greenside Bunker

A golf hazard filled with raked sand, which is located within a 0 to 30 yard radius surrounding the green of the hole being played.

Heavy Rough

Areas of thick grass located anywhere on the golf course.

Hole

The hole on the green that the golfer attempts to hit their golf ball into, where the flagstick stands.

Left to Right / Right to Left Putt

A putt identified as either moving left to right or right to left across the green.

Lob Shot or Flop shot

A more advanced type of high or floating parachute type golf shot played from within a 0 to 30 yard radius surrounding the green of the golf hole being played, where an attempt is made to hit the green.

Lost Ball

A golf ball which has been hit by a golfer and as a result cannot be found. The golfer is penalised for losing their golf ball by incurring an automatic stroke and distance penalty shot.

Measurement Units or Bands

All measurement units on StrokeAverage.com can be both entered and viewed in yards / feet or metres. Measurement bands include any distance which is further than the first distance but shorter than or equal to the second distance. For example, the band 2 – 4 feet includes any measurement further than 2 feet and shorter than or equal to 4 feet.

Other

A golf hole is completed in a score which is two or more shots higher than the Par of the golf hole.

Out of Bounds

A golf ball which has been hit by a golfer and as a result crosses an illegal boundary which is out of play. The golfer is penalised for crossing the illegal boundary by incurring an automatic stroke and distance penalty shot.

Par

A golf hole is completed in a score which is equal to the Par of the golf hole.

Par 3 Golf Hole

A golf hole which is allotted three golf shots for completion including, one golf shot to hit the golf ball onto the green and, two putts.

Par 4 Golf Hole

A golf hole which is allotted four golf shots for completion including, two golf shots to hit the golf ball onto the green and, two putts.

Par 5 Golf Hole

A golf hole which is allotted five golf shots for completion including, three golf shots to hit the golf ball onto the green and, two putts.

Par 6 Golf Hole

A golf hole which is allotted six golf shots for completion including, four golf shots to hit the golf ball onto the green and, two putts. Par 6 holes are analysed on StrokeAverage.com but not to the same extent as Par 3, Par 4 and Par 5 holes. If a greater number of Par 6 golf holes are introduced into golf course design, more detailed analysis of those golf holes will be made available on StrokeAverage.com.

Penalty Drop

Upon the golf ball finishing in an unplayable lie (for example, a water hazard), the golfer may lift, clean and drop the golf ball under penalty of one shot.

Penalty Shot

Penalty shots which are incurred by the golfer as a result of, for example, being late on the tee or, the golf ball moving at address.

Pin Location

The location on the green where the hole / flagstick is located.

Pitch Shot

A half or knock down type of swing is made at the golf ball. Pitch shots generally range between 40 and 125 yards in length.

Practice Round

A non-competitive round of golf.

Putt

A golf shot that is hit along the ground using the putter, mostly played from on and around the green of the golf hole being played in an attempt to hole out.

Pull or Pushed Putt

A putt where the strike causes the golf ball to move off the intended line either towards the golfer (pull) or away from the golfer (push) which results in the golf ball missing the hole.

Putting-Shot Entry

A mini-computer game on StrokeAverage.com used to enter putting only rounds of golf. Every putt is entered.

Round Date and Tee Time

The date and time on which a round of golf commences.

Round No.

Golf tournaments sometimes consist of playing multiple rounds of golf. Each round of the golf tournament is therefore assigned a number.

Scorecard

Where golfer scores are recorded and displayed.

Semi Rough

An area of semi thick grass located around the edge of the fairway.

Sensible Strategy

An approach golf shot which is aimed away from the flag in an attempt to keep the golf ball away from trouble areas.

Short and Long Siding

Short Siding occurs when the pin is located close to the edge of the green where the golf shot is to be played from (and there is not much green on which the golf ball can land and run out to the hole) and, Long Siding occurs when the pin is located further away from the edge of the green where the golf shot is to be played from (and there is a fair amount of green on which the golf ball can land and run out to the hole).

Start Hole

The hole number from which a round of golf commences.

Start Lie

The lie from which a golf shot is to be played.

Tee / Tee Marker

A teeing area from where each golf hole begins.

Too Soft or Too Hard Putt

A putt identified as either finishing a long way short of the hole or, a long way past the hole.

Tournament Round

An officially organized round of golf which golfers enter and compete in.

Under Borrow or Over Borrow Putt

A putt identified as either missing on the low side of the hole (where not enough break was applied to the putt) or, missing on the high side of the hole (where too much break was applied to the putt).

Water Hazard

An area marked as being a water source, including ditches. A golfer is not permitted to ground their club inside the water hazard if their golf ball comes to rest there.

Weather

The temperature, amount of rainfall (if any) and, general wind conditions under which rounds of golf are played.

Wind Assistance

Golf shots played with a head wind and, a tail wind.

Wind Strength

Golf shots played when the wind is calm, light, medium or strong.